Historical Breakdown: The Holocaust

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Historical Breakdown The Holocaust also known as TheFinal Solution The People Involved A Background and a Visual Understanding Massive genocide committed against.
primarily European Jews during theWorld War II era Genocide the deliberate and systematicdestruction in whole or in part of anethnic racial religious or national group.
This genocide was state sanctioned bythe German Nazi state led by AdolfThe Holocaust Over six million European Jews were murdered which was approximately two thirds of the.
population One million of this number were children A total 11 17 million were killed the numbers arenot fully known records were destroyed Others attacked gypsies Soviet POWs civilians Polish .
homosexuals the disabled and Jehovah s WitnessesThe End Result Laws that removed Jewsfrom civil society Nuremberg Laws .
These laws allowed an officialideology of incorporating anti Semitism as a form of scientificracism this law was designedto determine who was non .
Aryan Stripped away basicTypes of Persecution Various Stages Ghettos A tight space that was used within cities to imprisonHolocaust victims prior to transportation.
Types of Persecution Various Stages Ghetto s Concentration Slave labor campsdesigned to work.
a prisoner todeath throughexhaustion orTypes of Persecution Various Stages Einsatzgruppen formed extension of S S .
A specialized unit that murdered Jews and politicalopponents believed to have killed at least 1 000 000Types of Persecution Various Stages Extermination camps gas chambers Overcrowded ghettos would transport victims via.
freight train where if they survived they weresystematically killed in the gas chambersTypes of Persecution Various Stages Every arm of Nazi Germany s government wasinvolved in the genocides.
The civilian population of Germany were unaware ofthe gas chambers but they knew of the ghettos andconcentration camps Holocaust victims most commonly believed theywere to be resettled somewhere else they had little.
to no idea about the death camps This was the first time a mass murder of this size wastaking place it was difficult to accept such an idea Nazi State General Understandings 1933 1935 After Hitler became Chancellor of.
Germany subsequently the rise of Nazi power the attacks on Jews began Boycott of Jewish businesses Discrimination of Jews banning of marriage betweenAryan and non Aryan .
Goal became about preserving German blood andhonor many claimed that it was about prevention ofhereditary illnessHow did this start Medical experiments.
Designed to see if one could purify the blood line through science Dr Josef Mengele most notorious physician worked in Auschwitz Placed subjects in pressure chambers Tested drugs and other medications Froze subjects.
Attempted to change eye color by injecting chemicals into eye s Various amputations Few survived surgeries and when theydid they were killed following theMedical Experiments.
Dr Mengele Preferred to work with Romani children Asked children to call him Onkel Mengele Uncle he would bring themcandy and toys He personally escorted children to gas chambers.
A Jewish inmate at Auschwitz reported as saying I remember one set of twins in particular Guido and Ina aged about four One day Mengele took them away When they returned they were in aterrible state they had been sewn together back to back like Siamesetwins Their wounds were infected and oozing pus They screamed day.
and night Then their parents I remember the mother s name wasStella managed to get some morphine and they killed the children inorder to end their suffering Medical Experiments In total there were nearly 60 concentration.
1933 1945 Data suggests over 4 million died in camps howevermany suggest that records were destroyed meaning the true numbers will never truly be known Concentration Camps.
Hostage camps camps where hostages were held and killed as reprisals Labor camps concentration camps where interned inmates had to dohard physical labor under inhumane conditions and cruel treatment Someof these camps were sub camps of bigger camps or operational camps established for a temporary need .
POW camps concentration camps where prisoners of war were held aftercapture POWs were usually soon assigned to labor camps Camps for rehabilitation and re education of Poles camps where theintelligentsia of the ethnic Poles were held and re educated according toNazi values as slaves .
Transit and collection camps camps where inmates were collected androuted to main camps or temporarily held Durchgangslager or Dulag Types of Camps First in existence with expressed goal ofmurdering extensive amounts of people .
Auschwitz Birkenau Belzec Chelmno Jasenovac Majdanek.
Maly Trostenets Sobibor TreblinkaThe Extermination Camps As the Allied forces closed in on Nazi forces a.
desperate effort was made to conceal the death People were murdered faster and disposed of inunknown ways Gas chambers dismantled crematoria dynamited Mass graves dug up to cremate the bodies while farmers.
planted crops over the site to hide evidence Death marches were last attempt to hide evidenceDeath Marches 1944 1945 Prisoners were forced to walk tens of miles in snow to trainstations After walking to the train station victims were.
transported for days at a time without food or adequate coverfrom the cold After arrival at the new camp they were madeto march again Most victims were deathly ill starved and weak An estimated 250 000 died during the marches.
This was the INTENDED goal of the Nazi s they wanted the Jews todie a painful death the gas chambers were too effective Largest and best known death march was January 1945 35 mile march 15 000 died Elie Weisel made this march and survived it is in his novel.
Death Marches Victims KilledJews 5 9 millionSoviet POWs 2 3 millionEthnic Poles 1 8 2 million.
Romani 220 000 1 500 000Disabled 200 000 250 000Freemasons 80 000Slovenes 20 000 25 000Homosexuals 5 000 15 000.
Jehovah s Witnesses 2 500 5 000 As we read Elie Wiesel s account in Night you willbe faced with understanding much more Keep these notes handy Wiesel uses Yiddish Kabbalah and German terms to create a more real storyline .
Prepare for a visual overview of the Holocaust at leastof the images that do still exist This is a BRIEF overview Survived Auschwitz Circled is Elie five days.
after liberation Elie Weisel The Author Romanian born Jewish American Night is about his time in Auschwitz Buna andBuchenwald concentration camps.
Lived in the city of Sighet Romania Inmate Tattoo ID A 7713Elie Wiesel Mother and sisters wereseparated presumably they.
died upon arrival in a gas Elie and his father remainedtogether until the weeksleading up to Buchenwald sliberation.
Upon arrival at the death camp Not embellished is authentic 1 Best Seller as recently as 2006 Translated into 30 languages I ll let Elie tell you his life story though with his.
novel these are just some of the main points totake into consideration His novel is non fiction Now that you have a start to the depth andhorrors of the Holocaust we are going to review.
some of the most iconic images of the Holocaust Please remember that your sensitivity andmaturity are required More importantly as you walk away from thisclass today take a moment to think of how.
The Holocaust in Pictures What major ideas would people be afraid welearned from the Holocaust Consider both positive and negative lessons After viewing the images and hearing a brief.
history what do you feel now What information was new or unexpected fromthis slide show Discussion .
Treblinka. Death Marches: 1944-1945. As the Allied forces closed in on Nazi forces, a desperate effort was made to conceal the death camps. People were murdered faster, and disposed of in unknown ways. Gas chambers dismantled, crematoria dynamited.

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